The European March of the Living network (EMOTL) mapping project has been commissioned to present an overview of the current realities and challenges regarding anti- Semitism, xenophobia, racism and intolerance across seventeen EU member states, where the network has partners.

The EMOTL network partners contributed information regarding the realities and challenges in their respective countries.

Testimonies and clarifications by EMOTL partners have been further substantiated by secondary research from reputable organizations, including the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the Coordination Forum for Countering Antisemitism (CFCA), the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), and civil society organizations operating in individual countries.

Data on anti-Semitism, racism and xenophobia across EU countries are generally not comparable, as they are collected using different methodologies and from different sources in each state.

Although official data collection systems are generally based on police records and/or criminal justice data, authorities do not always categorise incidents motivated by anti- Semitism, racism or xenophobia under that heading.

National mappings are divided into the following subsections:

  • Realities
  • Legislation
  • Challenges